Prepare an article on the outcomes of your research.
Posted on November 12, by pat thomson Lots of doctoral researchers worry about the Th word, Theory. When said aloud, you can often hear the capital T. It must be important. Now, theory is a term which often gets mixed up with another scary word — concept. Sometimes people use them interchangeably.
They are concerned that they will be found out, found wanting. Or they worry that they have made the wrong theoretical choice and someone will notice.
And the next one. You see, the first thing in countering theory fright is to understand what a theory is. A theory is just a way of explaining, of saying how things relate to each other, why they are the way that they are, and how they relate to other things.
Most of us use theories all the time in our everyday lives as we make sense of the world. And we use concepts too. Let me take a pretty prosaic example — a seat belt.
As we all know, a seat belt is a couple of straps.
They fasten around your body to stop you lurching forward when the car stops suddenly. The term seat belt is a kind of shorthand; we can generally say seat belt to someone without having to explain what it is. You might say for example that your body keeps going forward even after the car has stopped.
And you could make this statement more Theory-like by referring to something more general and abstract like, say, the work energy principle and conservation laws.
These two theories draw on and link together multiple concepts — work, energy, power and conservation. This term is something Barbara and I literally cobbled together to save us having to consistently explain one of our key ideas about academic writing.
But when we wanted to explain the concept, to say how and why it is that writing is a way of forming an identity, and how and why writing is framed and limited, then we had to turn to theory. More than one theory as it happens. We had to draw on theory about identity, and theory about text.
The theory of communities of practice draws attention to what people do and who they are within discipline communities. Sometimes we used the idea of discourse to connect writers and writing with questions of subjectivity, power and knowledge. But if we wanted to emphasise the capacity of the writer to make decisions about their writing, we chose to talk about identity theory which focuses on the writer, text and audience.Introduction to academic writing.
Answer key. by Alice Oshima; Ann Hogue Print book: English. 3rd ed: White Plains, NY: Pearson Education 4. Introduction to academic writing: answer key: 4. Introduction to academic writing: answer key. by Alice Oshima; Ann Hogue Print book: English.
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Learn how the IELTS general training writing is different from the academic writing test. Learn about IELTS general training writing task 1 and writing task 2. Introduction to Academic Writing: Answer Key/ Alice Oshima, Ann Hogue, , Alice Oshima, Ann Hogue, X, , Pearson/Longman, research education, academic writing, public engagement, funding, other eccentricities.